Onze Mil Virgens means ‘Eleven Thousand Virgins’. People in the region say that Onze Mil Virgens previously belonged to a bigger farm in the rural area of Rio Paranaíba that […]

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Onze Mil Virgens means ‘Eleven Thousand Virgins’. People in the region say that Onze Mil Virgens previously belonged to a bigger farm in the rural area of Rio Paranaíba that had around 11,000 acres. It was a ‘Virgen’ forest (The Cerrado biome) at the time. When it was divided into many farm lots, the sections that got separated off kept the name. 

A look at the specs –

Farm: Onze Mil Virgens (part of Sao Luiz Estate Coffee)
Varietal(s):  Red Cataui
Processing:  Honey ( Mucilage kept entirely intact)
Altitude: 1 160 metres above sea level
Owner: Ana Cecilia Velleso (Sao Luiz Estate)
Town: Rio Paranaiba
Region: Cerrado Mineiro

Onze Mil Virgens has been in Ana Cecilia Velloso’s family for four generations. Ana is an architect by trade but was born into coffee, where her great-grandfather, Miguel Veloso, was a pioneer in the Carmo do Paranaiba region. When he first established São Luiz Estate in 1969 (of which Onze Mil Virgens is part) , the Cerrado Mineiro was agriculturally underdeveloped. Manoel Velloso dos Reis, Ana’s grandfather, was also a pioneer. He took over from his father, strengthened the family’s legacy, and founded the town’s first agricultural cooperative. From there, the families reputation for quality and innovation grew.

Harvesting

Harvesting is mostly mechanized on Onze Mil Virgens with the exception of certain lots- like this one (Lot 33). The farm has plots of Yellow and Red Catuaí, Red Catucaí, Yellow Icatú, IPR 100, and Arará. Every lot is separated according to its varietal, and the harvest is planned with the intention of keeping the varietal lots seperate. The team at São Luiz have been thoroughly trained so as to ensure that the ripest cherries are picked and to minimise the picking of under-ripe beans. 

Brazil Onze Mil Virgens

Brazil Onze Mil Virgens

Red Catuai

The cultivar was created in 1949 from a crossing of yellow Caturra and Mundo Novo, and initially called H-2077.The variety was released in Brazil 1972 after pedigree selection (selection of individual plants through successive generations) and is in wide cultivation there. (Source- www.coffeeresearch.org). The name means ‘Very Good’ in Tupi-Guarani language.

Processing

Ana and her team were surprised with the amount of sweet and sticky mucilage remaining on the coffee parchment after the coffee was pulped. The team then decided to use a modified honey process, where the mucilage is kept entirely intact, rather than placing the coffee in a demucilager to determine the level mucilage to be left on the coffee parchment.

This lot was taken to the patio and spread in a thin, one bean layer for sun-drying. The coffee stayed one week on the patio and was regularly turned to prevent excessive fermentation. After a week, the layer was made a little thicker to reduce moisture loss. When it reached the proper moisture levels, it was taken directly to the warehouse, where it was kept in parchment ( the last shell like layer surrounding the bean) for 60 days. 

Conclusion 

In the cup expect milk chocolate, red grape and fig. Medium bodied and smooth. A high quality and tasty daily drinker that’s excellent value for money. Until next time.

 

I’m the Head Roaster at Origin. I joined the company in 2008. My primary focus is on developing roast profiles for the diverse array of great coffees that we purchase throughout the year. I am interested in understanding what makes coffee special, such as processing, varietals and anything else pertaining to geographical distinction.

In my spare time, I focus on something a little different. I am an aspiring mycologist and nutrition enthusiast focusing on gourmet and medicinal mushrooms and the human microbiome. I also dabble in fermentation from time to time.